Abdominal pain which reoccurs in children is the number one reason why parents seek medical help for their children, abdominal pain is said to be chronic if it is reoccurring over a 3-month period of time. One important thing to note is that this is pain that reoccurs over time not just a one or two day tummy bug or pain brought on by the onset of stomach flu for example.
A common skin problem that occurs in children is eczema, eczema refers to a number of different skin conditions which all make the skin red and irritated with the main problem causing an intense itching, If the child scratches then the small fluid filled, blisters that occur from eczema will break and ooze fluid.
Asthma is the single most chronic disease that affects children and it is thought that currently it affects over 8 million children worldwide under the age of 18, asthma can be a serious condition if left untreated, but with constant and proper supervision, it can be controlled successfully.
Head lice infestation or “nits” as they are more commonly called is one of the most common of all contagious diseases found in children and is caused by insects which are barely seen by the human eye laying eggs on the scalp.
The lice will spread quickly to those who come into contact with those affected by head lice but luckily they are easy to deal and treat, with several products now being made available on the market.
Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils, which are clusters of fleshy tissue which hang at the back of the throat and which help to fight off germs that try to enter the body through the mouth.
When the tonsils become infected, they become enlarged and red and can be coated with a yellowish, greyish or white substance. Typical symptoms are a sore throat, trouble in swallowing and the lymph glands in the neck becoming large, swollen and very painful.
Although meningitis is a rare disease it is important that parents are able to recognise the sign and symptoms quickly, the two major viruses behind the reasons why children catch meningitis are bacterial and viral, with bacterial being the more deadly of the two.
As a child grows then so do the adenoids, adenoids are tonsil like glands which are located at the back of the nose, they are thought to help with protection against infection but children sometimes have to have them removed and can live perfectly normal without them.
When the child has reached roughly their 10th or 12th year, the adenoids are fully-grown and from then on, the adenoid tissue will start to shrink of their own accord. It is during this stage that the adenoids usually start to cause problems.
Gastroenteritis is a condition which affects people of all ages including children, with children being more susceptible to having diarrhoea due to other conditions than adults are and this is normally down to poor hygiene conditions.
Gastroenteritis is an illness which is more commonly called stomach flu and which shows symptoms as diarrhoea and/or vomiting, there can also be a fever associated with the illness and it can cause stomach pains which vary in intensity. It is an infectious illness and it will usually last in duration from anywhere between 2 to 4 days.
Having the occasional wet bed is a common occurrence in children under the age of 6 years old, with some children, who are mostly boys continuing with the problem beyond 6 years of age. This usually doesn’t mean that there is a problem however, which all parents are greatly relieved to know, but some children, particularly those who wet the bed frequently could have a very common childhood illness which is called nocturnal enuresis.
There are three main causes of conjunctivitis which are commonly found in children, conjunctivitis or pink eye as it is more commonly known is defined as irritation or inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the covering which lines the inside of the eyelids and whites of the eyes.
The three most commonly known causes of the disease are infectious conjunctivitis which is the most common cause in children and is caused by a bacterial or viral infection. Allergic conjunctivitis is due to airborne pollen or dust. Household irritants such as cleaners, deodorants or perfumes can be the cause of chemical conjunctivitis.